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  • Featuring content from MediResource Inc.

    Diabetes is a condition where people don't produce enough insulin, and/or their cells don't respond properly to insulin. Insulin is an important hormone produced by the pancreas that moves glucose, a type of sugar, into the body's cells from the blood. Once inside the body's cells, glucose is used as a source of energy. If insulin isn't available or doesn't work correctly to move glucose from the blood into cells, glucose will stay in the blood. Blood sugar levels will then increase.

    In Canada, almost 2.7 million people have diabetes, and about 25% of those with the condition are unaware that they have it. According to the Canadian Diabetes Association, 4.2 million people in Canada will have diabetes by the year 2020.

    All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source:

  • Understand Your Diabetes Risk


    Why is understanding your risk of diabetes important for your heart?


    Whether or not you have diabetes, high glucose (sugar) levels in your blood are a risk factor for heart disease. Having diabetes doubles the risk of developing heart disease.7

    Knowing your risk can help you make healthy choices now that will reduce your risk or even prevent you from developing diabetes.8

    What factors increase your diabetes risk? 

    Some of the important risk factors for diabetes include9:

    • Your age
    • Family history of diabetes
    • Ethnicity
    • Being overweight, especially around your abdomen
    • High blood pressure
    • High cholesterol


    1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC)., accessed 14 November 2011.
    2. Public Health Agency of Canada. The Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire., accessed 22 November 2012.
    3. Canadian Diabetes Association. Diabetes and You- Are you At Risk?, accessed 22 November 2012.
  • Featuring content from MediResource Inc.

    Controlling diabetes is closely linked to diet and lifestyle.

    Healthy eating

    • Smart food choices help keep blood sugar, weight, and cholesterol in better control. Focus on fewer calories, and eat less fat (especially saturated fat). Enjoy more fresh fruits, vegetables, lean meats, fish, and legumes instead.
    • The amounts of fat, carbohydrate (fruits, vegetables, breads and grains) and protein (meat, fish, milk, nuts) you eat depend on your calorie needs and goals for weight control. A healthy diet usually includes 15–20% of daily calories from protein, 20–35% from fat, and 45–60% from carbohydrates.
    • Always read the labels before trying "low fat," "light," or "no fat" foods. Some of these specially-labelled foods are "dietetic" because they're sugar free. Others are lower in calories. Some mention that they're good for people with diabetes. But many diet foods that use sugar substitutes are high in fat and calories. Words like "light" or "low" can be deceptive. Try to read the fine print!
    • Just one alcoholic beverage on an empty stomach can lower your blood sugar drastically. Sip drinks slowly and always drink alcohol with food in your stomach. Limit yourself to no more that two drinks a day and be careful when consuming brandy, port, and liqueurs, which have high sugar content.
    • Enjoy sweets in moderation: People with diabetes don't have to avoid sugar all together. You can still enjoy a cookie, a piece of cake, or chocolate every now and then. Talk to your health care professional about how to safely incorporate sweets into your diet.


    • Exercise usually lowers blood sugar. It can help insulin work more effectively and improve your health and energy.
    • Ask your doctor about the right kind of exercise for you. Get a check-up if you're starting out, and avoid overdoing it. Gradually increasing your levels of physical activity helps prevent injuries while maintaining your enthusiasm to continue exercising.
    • Check blood sugar levels before and after you exercise. This helps avoid low blood sugar. Monitoring your blood sugar can help determine how different types of activities affect sugar levels.
    • Try walking, swimming, and light weight-lifting exercises for physical activity.


    All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source:

  • People with type 1 diabetes who are not being treated urinate frequently and feel excessively thirsty. They usually feel very tired and experience severe weight loss despite normal or excessive food intake.

    The symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually appear more gradually. People with type 2 diabetes who do not have their blood glucose under control often have a persistent, mild thirst. They urinate frequently, and often feel mild fatigue and complain of blurred vision. Many women with the disease have recurring vaginal yeast infections.

    Diabetes is a major cause of heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in Canada. It's also the biggest cause of blindness and kidney failure in Canadian adults. Older adults with diabetes are twice as likely to develop high blood pressure as people without diabetes.

    People with diabetes are 20 times more likely to undergo foot and other "lower extremity" amputations due to circulatory problems. Between 34% to 45% of men who have diabetes will experience erectile dysfunction at some point.

    All material © 1996-2021 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

  • Credit Source:

    * Loblaw Dietitian Team

    Roughly 11 million Canadians were living with diabetes or prediabetes in 2016.[i]  This number is anticipated to increase in the future.[ii] Of these Canadians, about 90 per cent live with type 2 diabetes, while approximately 10 per cent live with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition where the body cannot properly use the insulin that it produces or the body does not make enough insulin. This can result in an imbalance of blood sugars, which can damage organs, blood vessels, and nerves if not managed appropriately.[iii]

    There are many risk factors to developing type 2 diabetes, but living a healthy lifestyle, including eating well, is necessary for the prevention and management of this chronic disease. Balance is key when it comes to eating healthier. Aim for at least three of the four food groups at breakfast, lunch, and dinner, as per Canada’s Food Guide. For lunch and supper, aim to fill half of your plate with at least two different kinds of vegetables. Include whole grains and starches such as potatoes, brown or wild rice, corn and whole grain pasta in a quarter of your plate, and fill the remaining quarter of your plate with a lean source of meat or alternative, such as fish, chicken, tofu, beans or lentils.

    When putting together a meal, portion size is also important. We often get carried away with the grains, starches and protein portions of our diet. Try a simple ‘handy’ guide to estimating portions of different food groups at meals and snacks: aim for a fist-sized amount of fruits, grains and starches, a palm-sized amount of protein, and at least two handfuls of non-starchy vegetables. For oils such as dressings, those used for cooking, butter and mayonnaise, aim to use about the size of the tip of your thumb.

    The quality and quantity of the food you eat plays a large role in the prevention and management of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Try to reduce intake of foods that are high in added sugar, salt, saturated fat and trans fat. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is also important to eat regularly throughout the day in order to help control the body’s blood sugars. To do this, try not to skip meals, and try not to go longer than six hours without eating.

    [i] Diabetes Canada. Diabetes in Canada. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

    [ii] Diabetes Canada. Diabetes in Canada. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

    [iii] Diabetes Canada. Types of Diabetes. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

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